Operational units / Bases / Badges
No. 434 Squadron "Bluenose" Operation Training Sqn
No. 434 Squadron "Bluenose" Tactical Fighter Operational Training Sqn from 09-09-70
No. 434 Squadron "Bluenose" Tactical Fighter Sqn from 02-04-76
English, French patches and badge of first camouflage on tail.
Squadron was flying Lockheed CF-104 in
Germany when it was disbanded on 01-03-67.
First unit to be equipped with Canadair CF-5s it stood-up again at CFB Cold Lake, on 15-02-68 as No. 434 Operational Training Squadron using Canadair T-33A.
Its role consisted in tactical fighter and operational training for future CF-5 and CF-104 pilots. First CF-5D was received on 05 November 1968, with the first course starting in January 1969. It was later also tasked to train Venezuelan and Dutch pilots.
No. 433 Escadron Tactique de Combat
The Squadron flew Canadair CF-100 Canuk aircraft on Northe American air defence from CFB North bay unitil disbanded on 01-08-61.
on 22-11-68 at CFB Bagotville (Quebec) it received its first Canadair CF-166 on 25-08-69 as No. 433
Escadron Tactique de Combat, a French language Squadron of Mobile
Command, it kept its CF-5As till December 1987 when it started to
convert on McDonnel Douglas CF-18.
Beginning of 1984 it had a strength of 14 CF-5As and 3 CF-5Ds.
CF-5D 116813 in metal colours at Trenton 22-09-76 Photo: Archive The Northrop F-5 Enthusiast
CF-5A(R) 116725 with rocket launcher at Bagotville 16-08-71 Photo: Archive The Northrop F-5 Enthusiast
See Operations for additional information about this unit's activity.
The 433's Sqn "Saguenay Manics" aerobatic team enthusiasted the crowds between 1971 and 1974; it was renamed between 1975 and 1978 "Saguenay Expos", in 1979 "Saguenay Pogos", between 1980 to 1983 "Saguenay Quebec"; 1972 saw also a combined 433/434 Sqn performing under the name CF-5 Demo Team.
Tactical Fighter (Training) Squadron
Badge painted on silver / on upgraded aircrafts
Based at CFB Baden-Sollinge (Germany) the 419th Squadron was flying Canadair CF-100 Canuck all-weather fighters from the begininning of 1960s; it stood down on 31-12-62 upon withdrawal from operational service of the Canuck.
Last CF-5 Unit to be reformed it was established at CFB Cold Lake on 01-11-75 as Tactical Fighter Training Squadron; it
replaced 434 Squadron as an Operational Training Unit in April 1976, the first course started already in January 1976.
Beginning 1978 it had a strength of 15 CF-5A and 22 CF-5D to cope with
training and Dissimilar Combat Training. During the same year a flight
of 5 CF-5D (serials 116805, 116807, 116809, 116823) was painted in
Aggrssor colours, each in a different "Soviet" style scheme. They then
flew against "friendly" CF-5As, CF-101 and CF-104 simulating soviet
tactics participating later to Maple Flag exercises against US and
During Maple 1979 there were nine aggressor painted CF-5Ds aircrafts plus 2 in standard, wrap-around dark green colours.
considerable strength of 35 CF-5s was recorded at the end of 1980,
with 34 instructors normally taking care of pupils' conversion,
providing basic training in tactical fighter pilot skills. Some Dutch
pilots also followed the conversion courses. By beginning of 1984 there
were 14 CF-5A and 23 CF-5D on strength. In 1986 mainspar and wings
fatigue cracks reduced the available fleet to 17 aircrafts, reducing
the training activities.
The Squadron role, with the demise of 433 and 434 Squadrons as CF-5 operators, was changed to that of lead-in fighter training and
adversary training for CF-18 Hornet pilots in 1988.
of remanufactured CF-5s, first CF-5D being delivered in
November 1989, enabled the Squadron to be fully operational again,
while avionics upgraded contributed later to better prepare the Hornet
Interesting photo of Canadair CF-5A(R) 116705 with high visibility national markings, low visibility
airframe and 419 tail markings but with high visibiliry "05" aggressor code, old camouflage tank.
In the background an CF-5A with original camouflage and low visibility tank can be seen.
Photo: Archive The Northrop F-5 Enthusiast
Canadair CF-5D 116810 prepared fr a long range mission, June 1991. Photo D.F. Brown
Two basic fighter courses were conducted per year as of 1992, each lasting seven months.The number of students, formerly 24, was reduced to 20 and is now further reduced to 16. Most students arrived directly from the advanced flying traing at Moose Jaw;they received 41 hrs flying in the CF-5 conversion phase. In the tactical phase they had 41 hours flying time. The tactical phase includes ACM, air-to-air gunnery, air to ground weapons delivery, air-to-air refuelling and low level navigation. A few of the instructors maintained an aerial reconnaissance qualification, using CF-5 with nose-mounted Vinten 70-mm cameras. When so equipped, the aircraft was temporarely designated as CF-5A(R) so as to identify it for maintenance and scheduling purposes. Instructors also used F-5 in the aggressor role, not only during the annual Maple Flag exercises but also at other US and Canadian bases. Aircrafts with Avionics Upgrade Programm were due to arrive June/July 93 for instructor training and the first student course should have begun by late 1993. Once the AUP programm was complete, it was not expected that any non-upgraded CF-5 wouldl remain in service. Graduates of 419's lead-in-fighter course moved on to 410 Sqdn, also at Cold Lake, to begin their conversion on McDonnell CF-18.
Presence at Canadian air-shows was assured between 1988 and 1994 by the
Squadrons demonstrion team "Moose Jet", supplemented in 1993 by the
"Rut Zulus" team. The aircrafts wore normal camouflage.
of the last CF-5s was decided by the government in 1994 as defence
budget saving measure. The Squadron stopped operational flying on
31-03-95, when its last 6 CF-5s were transferred to CFB Trenton to be
stored there and the 419 Squadron was dissolved on 25-06-95, to be
reformed on 23-07-00 as a fighter lead-in training unit, still at CFB
Cold Lake, flying CT-155 Hawk as part of the NATO Flying Training
Aircraft Maintenance Development Unit (AMDU)