The Northrop F-5 Enthusiast Page  -  Home

Força Aerea Brasileira / Brazilian Air Force

                       Last update 10-10-2012




  Santa Cruz AB -
Rio de Janeiro
  Canoas AB - Porto Alegre
  Manaus AB


   1° Grupo de Aviaçao de Caça

                             1°/1°GAvCa         2°/1°GAvCa

  All aircrafts were initially assigned to a pool of the 1° Grupo de Aviaçao de Caça (1st Fighter Group)
  S Cruz AB
 (RJ) equipped with Embraer EMB-326;the 2° Esquadrao named "Pif-Paf" (2nd Squadron) started
  first conversion, followed by the
Esquadrao named "Jambock". Pilot conversion was   taken care by 6
  Brazilian iand 1 USAF instructors on, Northrop F-5B, which had initially a low 
in-service rate due to lack of
  spare parts.

  Aircrafts remained pooled and weared the
1°/1°GAvCa badge on the left side and the 2°/1°GAvCa badge on
  the right side
of the tail.
  During 1977 the
1°GAvCa trained in a six months log course 6 Chilean pilots on the Northrop F-5 up to
  operational graduation.
  The goal of 4'000 flight hours on F-5 was reached in December 1991 aboard an Northrop F-5B.

  F-5E 4847 with low visibility
2°/1°GAvCa badge and torn sticker "100 years first flight Santos
  Dumont" taking off from Anapolis AB on 12-08-04 during Cruzex III    Photo: Eric Riester/

  With delivery of former USAF F-5F's to the
the 1°/14°GAv there was limited requirement for the first
  generation two-seaters. The remaining 2 airworthy F-5B's
(one was serial 4805) were struck of charge at
  the end of 1995 and transferred to the Parque de Material Aeronautico
(PAMA) de Sao Paulo for storage
  and resale.

  See our page for additional information about the Squadrons operation in our In-flight refuelling,Training,
  Excercises and Special colours page.

  The modernised Embraer F-5EM reached the 1° G
AvCa on 20-10-06, when serial 4826 was accepted in
  a ceremony at Santa Cruz AB, joining the 1°/14° GAv in the operation of this fourth generation fighter.

                   Photo: Brazilian AF
                   1° GAvCa have no Squadron markings, here F-5EM 4848
, June 2007

2°/1°GAvCa is at present converting to the upgraded Embraer F-5EM, no Squadron badges have been
  seen painted on its aircrafts till present, while the
1°/1°GAvCa is still flying the earlier F-5Es.

  See page Upgrades for upgrading details.

  Some Embraer AT-27 Tucanos are used by the Esquadrao for liason duties.
  14° Grupo de Aviaçao

  1° Esquadrao/14° Grupo de Aviaçao "Pampa"

   1)      2)          3) 
1) Coloured badge applied on SEA camouflaged aircrafts; 2) badge painted on air intake, left hand side, of
    grey low visibility Tigers; 3) badge painted on green/green camouflaged F-5EM.

   Lined-up tails of F-5E in first camouflage.

  Having Completed training of pilots and ground technicians for S. Cruz AB based Esquadraos manpower was
  now available for the third Esquadrao. This was to be the 1°/14° Grupo de Aviaçao de Caça based at Canoas
  AB (Porto Alegre), whose Lockheed TF-33A, armed version of the trainer, had been retired in 1975. Some
  pilots and ground crew started conversion on their future equipment in May 1975, but the go ahead for the
  actual conversion was only given in 1976. On 26-11-76 12 F-5Es arrived at Canoas AB after an 1 hour 10
  minutes non-stop flight from Santa Cruz AB. One F-5B (serial 4805) was also taken on charge.

  End of 1988 saw the arrival of former USAF Northrop F-5E at Canoas AB, ferried from Nellis AFB by 1°/14°
  GAv pilots. These aircrafts had several differences in instrumentation to those of the first batch and no
  in-flight refuelling provision. It was therefore decided to fully requip the unit only with the "new" aircrafts
  and change its role from multi- to an air-defence role.
  They entered service with the Esquadrao only after having gone through a revitalization process at Parque de
  Material Aeronautico de Sao Paulo (PAMA-Sao Paulo), thereafter the "old" ones were returned to Santa Cruz

  See our page for additional information about the Squadron operation in our In-flight refuelling, Training,
  Excercises and Special colours page.

  On 15-07-94 the Squadron reached the mark of 100'000 flying hours
since its establishment, having used
  Curtis P-40, Gloster Meteor Mk.8 and Meteor Mk.7, Lockheed TF-33, Northrop F-5E and F-5F, Embraer
  AT-27 Tucano .

  "Cruzeiro do Sul" emblem painted on top of the tail since 1981. The
  central, smaller star has been repainted in yellow since 15-07-94,
100'000 hours flown by the Squadron since it formation.

  The Esquadrao acted as a conversion training and Operation Conversion Unit at the end of 1966, when the
  last two active Northrop F-5B were struck of charge.

  F-5E 4827 of the  1°/14° GAv
  with  SEA camouflage, last two
  of serial on tail, blue tail band
  with 5 red stars. May 1986

  Photo: Archive The Northrop F-5       Enthusiast

                F-5E 4868 still in USAF aggressor colours and with CO code. Natal 24-10-95 
Photo: Peter R. Foster

      Photo: FA Brasileira
cockpit painted on the single-seater, second series.

  F-5F 4806 taking
on 25-06-06
  from Florianopolis.

  On tail commemo-
  tion sticker for
00 years since
  the first flight in
  Brazil by Santos

Juliano Damasio

  The 1°/14° GAv was chosen to introduce the by Embraer upgraded F-5EM and received officially its first
  aircraft, serial 4855, on 21-09-06 at Canoas AB starting a new and decisive stage of its, and of the Brazilian
  AF, operational life.
  It is now working up to perfection its duties of  interception, combat air patrol and
  air escort on the new aircraft. Foreseen Squadron is 16 aircrafts.

  Tail emblem on Embraer F-5EM.
  Modified tail emblem seen at Canoas AB on 28-05-09   

                 F-5EM 4875 at Santa Cruz AB on 22-04-07, note underwing pylons for Python 3 missiles
Guilherme Bystronsky/

  The 1°/14° was chosen to send 4 F-5EM to Nellis AFB to represent the Brazilian AF at Red Flag 08-03,
  supported by Boeing KC.707 2404, between 21-07-08 and 02-08-08. The transfer was accomplished from
  Canoas to Boa Vista via Anapolis (Brazil) to Barranquilla (Colombia) and to Merida (Mexico) as a last stage
  point, starting on 12-07-08 and arriving on 16-07-08.

  See our
Upgrades page for additional information.

  Some Embraer AT-27 Tucanos are used for liason duties.


  1° Esquadrao/4° Grupo de Aviaçao  "Pacau"

  Due to increasing tension and armament by Colombia and Venezuela and the increased activities of
  narcotrafic in the North of Brazil this
Natal AB Esquadrao based unit, formerly part of the Centro de
  Treinamento e Recumpletamento de Tripulaçoes (CATRE) with EMB-326
/AT-26, with Embraer/
  Northrop F-5EM, becoming an operational unit. It was relocated to Manaus AB
receiving its first six
  from the three other Tiger equipped Squadrons
on 13-12-10.
  First operation in anger was the destruction of a clandestine airstrip near the Colombian border, operated
  by drug smugglers, by 4 Embraer/Northrop F-EM. These were provisonally based at Sao Gabriel da
  Cachoeira airport. It has been reported that the Manaus AB runway is too short limiting the take-off weight,
  but there are plans to prolongue it by 500 meters.

     Parque de Material Aeronautico de Sao Paulo / PAMA - SP 


  Based at Campo Grande AB this is a maintai-
  nance unit. It takes care of all major over-
  hauls of Brazilian F-5s and prepares the
  airframes for upgrade to F-5EM/F by

  Photo: unknown


  2° Esquadrao/14° Grupo de Aviaçao

  Consideration was given to establish a reconnaissance Esquadrao by the adaption of 12 F-5E to RF-5E standards
  with four (some sources state six) noses originally bought in 1976, used for a short time and later kept in storage
  in order to maintain the fighter force, but this plan had no follow-up.

Photo: Clube do F-5
 This is one of the few known photos of Brazilian F-5Es with a reconnaissance nose.